The Clery Act, signed in 1990, was originally known as the Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act. The law is named for Jeanne Clery, a 19-year-old Lehigh University freshman who was raped and murdered in her campus residence hall in 1986. The backlash against unreported crimes on numerous campuses across the country led to the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act.
The Clery Act requires colleges and universities, both public and private, participating in federal student aid programs to disclose campus safety information, and established basic requirements for handling incidents of sexual violence and emergency situations. Disclosures about crime statistics and summaries of security policies are published once a year in an Annual Security Report (ASR), and information about specific crimes and emergencies is made publicly available throughout the year.